Kuil Kom Ombo


The Town of Kom Ombo with approximately 280,000 inhabitants is located about 45 km north of Aswan. The local industry is primarily agriculture, including irrigated sugar cane and corn. Besides the native Egyptians, there is a large population of Nubians who were displaced from their land when Lake Nasser was created.



Kom Ombo is the ancient site of Ombos, which is from the ancient Egyptian word ‘nubt’, or ‘City of Gold’. In ancient Egypt, the city was important to the caravan routes from Nubia and various gold mines.



The major attraction here is the Temple of Kom Ombo, built during the GrecoRoman period (332 BC AD 395). The temple is very unusual. It was dedicated to two deities, each with their own associated chambers and sanctuaries. On the eastern side of the temple, the crocodile god Sobek (Seth), is honored with his wife who is here named as Hathor and their son Khonsu. On the west side, Haroeris or ‘Horus’ is accompanied by his wife Hathor-ta-sent-nefert and their son Panebtawy (Lord of the Two Lands).


Peti mati dari batu gaya Romawi

The main entrance pylon was destroyed, but entering through a portal at the southeast there is a large court with remains of a Roman columned portico. In the centre of the court stands the base of an altar with granite basins on either side which may have been used to catch ritual libations.

Dipenuhi tulisan hieroglyph


A passageway runs around the outside of the main temple building similar to other temples of this period, with a staircase leading to the roof. On the inside of the enclosure wall at the rear of the temple is a famous relief depicting what many scholars have suggested are surgical instruments.


Tenda untuk minum teh atau merokok pipa air khas Arab


In the centre of the opposite wall is an unusual false door showing both Sobek and Haroeris with their cult sceptres. Sobek’s sign of power is a lion-headed wand, while Haroeris has a curious knife with legs. To the south lies the Chapel of Hathor, where mummified crocodiles used to be stored.


Sumur bergerigi


In the forecourt to the right of the temple entrance is a small chapel of Hathor where one can see the stored remains of mummified crocodiles and their clay coffins. Here you can also see remains of a very deep well. Remains of a birthhouse is situated at the northwest corner beyond the wall of the court and a portal of Ptolemy VII is at the northeast corner.




Hieroglyphic writing first began around 5000 years ago. Egyptians wrote in hieroglyphs up to about 400 AD, after that they wrote in a short-hand cursive style called demotic.


Tulisan hieroglyph

We are able to decipher hieroglyphs thanks to a special chunk of rock and a determined Egyptologist. In 1799, a soldier digging a fort in Rosetta, Egypt found a large black stone with three different types of writing on it. The writing was a message about Ptolemy V, who was ruling Egypt at the time. Because the message was written during the time when the Greeks ruled Egypt, one of the three languages was Greek. The other two were demotic and hieroglyphic.  The three languages on “The Rosetta Stone” said the same thing. And even though people could read Greek, they couldn’t figure out how to match up Greek words with hieroglyphic words. For years no one was able to understand how the hieroglyphic message corresponded to the Greek one.

Neat vertical hieroglyph panels tell the story


Finally, in 1822, a French Egyptologist named Jean François Champollion figured out how to decipher hieroglyphic writing. He realized that the hieroglyphs that spelled “Ptolemy” were enclosed in a cartouche, so he was able to match it up to the Greek spelling. This discovery enabled him to equate the unfamiliar hieroglyphs with familiar Greek words and to translate the entire message.


Hieroglyphs face right, therefore, start reading from the right


Like our writing, hieroglyphs could be written from left to right. But sometimes they were read right to left, or even in up and down columns. You can tell which way hieroglyphs are supposed to be read by looking at the people, plants, and animals. If they face left, start reading at the left. If they face right, start reading from the right.


Hieroglyphs facing left, so read from the left


When Egyptians wrote, they didn’t just write one hieroglyph after the other, like letters in a word. They arranged them neatly in rows and columns to look nice.








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