A carriage ride may be quite romantic, but consider that many of the horses are not treated well

Leading to the entrance of this whole temple complex is a promenade lined on both sides with sphinx statues. At one time, the promenade extended 1.5 miles to the Luxor Temple, which we next visited. At the present time, however, both temples have only a short distance of the promenade left.

Sungai Nile di Luxor

The Luxor Temple is much smaller in scope, but still great. At one time it was almost entirely buried in sand. A mosque was built on top of one portion of the temple area. Now, having been excavated, the mosque is about 40 feet above ground, on top of the original wall of the temple.

Luxor Temple



On the east bank of the Nile at Luxor lies the magnificent Luxor Temple which was dedicated to the great god Amun-Re, his wife Mut and their son Khonsu - together representing the Theban triad.




Unusually, the temple does not face the river, but its main axis faces Karnak with the remains of an avenue of sphinxes pointing to the processional way.

Ramses II


The temple was built on the site of a probable smaller Middle Kingdom structure for the god Amun, while the earliest parts of the temple seen today date from the 14th century BC and the time of Amenhotep III.

Ramesses II of the 19th Dynasty oversaw the addition of a new entrance pylon (decorated with scenes of his military battles and the famous Ďbattle poemí) a court at the northeast end of the complex, two obelisks in front of the templeís pylon and six granite statues of himself (only three remain today) In the 1830's, the western obelisk was given to France and erected at Place de la Concorde in Paris where it still stands today.






Passing through the pylon entrance, the visitor enters the court of Ramesses II with numerous statues of the pharaoh .






Mosque of Abuíl Hagag


Mesjid Abu'l Hagag


A Christian basilica was built in the northeastern corner of the temple and later a mosque dedicated to the Muslim saint Abuíl Hagag was built over the site.


After excavation the front door of the mosque is not accessible


Beyond the court lies the impressive Colonnade (with the mosque) erected by Amenhotep III. The inside of the walls on either side of the Colonnade were carved during the time of Tutankhamen and depict the annual Opet (harem) festival held during the inundation. Once a year the divine image of Amen with his consort Mut and their son Khonsu would journey in their sacred barques from Karnak Temples to the temple at Luxor to celebrate this festival.



Beyond the court is the Hypostyle Hall containing 32 columns in four rows. At the rear is an area that was converted into a Roman shrine with Amenhotep IIIís reliefs plastered over and painted with Christian themes.
At the southern end of the temple complex is the sanctuary which is surrounded by various chambers including a so-called Birth Room in which the birth of Amenhotep III is depicted in reliefs.



Roman shrine with Amenhotep IIIís reliefs plastered over and painted with Christian themes.



Chapel of Serapis


Avenue of the Sphinxes


A 3 km long avenue of sphinxes connected Luxor Temple with the southern end of the sprawling Karnak temple complex to the north












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