Mosque Mohammed Ali


Mosque of ar-Rifai


Islamic art museum


Egyptian Museum


Our first stop was the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities. Without a guide, we would have been lost in this place. We learned many fascinating things about the early Egyptians. We viewed sculptures and artwork dating back 4,600 years, much of it in excellent condition. We learned a little about hieroglyphics, saw a large tablet of stone containing the only reference to Israel in all of Egypt. We saw a display on Ikhnaton, and observed the artwork from his city, which is totally different from other Egyptian art. It is flowing, and depicts Nature in a similar way to more modern art. We saw artifacts from King Tutís tomb, viewing the exquisite and detailed work with gold, jewels, stone, and wood. Two hours passed in what seemed like 30 minutes. We left having seen only a small portion of the museum.


Modern water tower


Dekat pasar pakaian


Toko souvenir


Membuat karpet


Ottoman dwelling with the traditional balcony windows


Gereja Orthodox Saint George


In the city Cairo, there seem to be no rules of the road for driver or pedestrian, and the horn is used constantly, as if to tell people, "Get out of my way. Iím coming through." Vehicles are driven between lanes rather than in them, drivers do not observe traffic lights, and they move wherever on the street they want whenever they want.


Tampak Sungai Nile dari Hotel Marriott


Melihat Sungai Nile ke arah utara


Melihat Sungai Nile ke arah selatan


Sajian tari perut Nile cruise 19 Januari 2011 jam 21.00


Papyrus, the writing surface named after the plant from which it is made, was manufactured as early as the first Egyptian dynasty, circa 3100 BCE. The emergence of writing and the concomitant use of papyrus seem to be an necessary outcome of the imperial bureaucracy.

It was invariably used by the Egyptians until the 9th-1l th centuries CE, that is, for 4000 years but it was also used in the ancient civilizations of Kush, Greece and Rome.


Modern papyrus using an old Egyptian theme


Papyrus was made from a reed which grew abundantly along the banks of the Nile in Lower Egypt and, in fact, became the symbol of Ancient Lower Egypt The plant grew to a height of about 10 feet. When harvested, the hard outer fibers were peeled away and the core was sliced into strips. When looking at a cross section of the papyrus reed, it appears to be triangular in shape The ancient Egyptians repeated this shape in many aspects of their life and artwork including the Pyramids at Giza.


Tanaman papyrus tumbuh di luar museum Cairo


The strips were soaked in water. This removed most of the sugar content. After soaking, the strips were pounded and the water drained away. The strips were then placed side by side, overlapping slightly. A second set of strips was then placed at right angles to the first, again overlapping slightly. They were again pounded and left to dry under a heavy weight. Enough sugar remained in the strips to seal them together.


Scene from the tombs


Finally, the surface was polished to a smooth finish by rubbing with a stone or block of wood. The surface was then ready for writing with paint or ink.

The main instrument of the scribe was the pen, kalamos, a reed that was cut to some 15 cm and whose end was chewed to form a brush-like edge. The scribe had several pens for various purposes, depending on the width of the script and its color. The ancient Egyptian scribe used several colors (with organic and mineral bases), because writing hieroglyphs was closely connected to drawing.

Smoke with a water pipe


Kuburan orang Arab


Kuburan orang Kristen










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