JEJAK KEHIDUPAN YESUS

 

Mount of Beatitudes, Galilee


Now when he saw the crowds, he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him, and he began to teach them, saying:"Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth." (Mt 5:1-5)
 


There is a nice church on the Mount of Beatitudes, but here it is all about the view. The church's peaceful gardens overlook the landscape in which Jesus conducted most of his ministry.
 

Pada zaman kuno, tempat yang kini dikenal sebagai Tabgha, dulu bernama Heptapegon (artinya: Tujuh Mata Air). Menurut tradisi Kristen yang amat tua, wilayah di sekitar Tabgha paling disukai oleh Yesus. Gema tradisi ini dapat ditemukan dalam sebuah dokumen yang dikenal sebagai catatan perjalanan Eteria yang berziarah ke Tanah Suci pada tahun 393-396. Eteria itu bercerita bahwa tidak jauh dari Capernaum dapat dilihat tangga batu yang pernah diinjak oleh Yesus. Di situ terdapat pula padang rumput dengan banyak pohon palem. Di dekatnya ada tujuh mata air yang berlimpah-limpah airnya. Di padang rumput itulah Yesus mengenyangkan khalayak dengan lima roti dan dua ekor ikan.

Cadas tempat Tuhan Yesus menaruh roti itu telah diubah menjadi altar. Dekat tembok gereja ada sebuah jalan; di jalan itulah Matius duduk sebagai pemungut cukai. Di bukit yang berdekatan ada sebuah goa, yang di atas goa tersebut Tuhan Yesus menyampaikan sabda-sabda bahagia.
 

View from the church's porch


Located on a small hill overlooking the Sea of Galilee near Tabgha, the Mount of Beatitudes is the traditional site of Jesus' delivery of the Sermon on the Mount, probably the most famous sermon of all time. Pilgrims have been drawn to this scenic place since at least the 4th century.
 

A Franciscan friar reading (perhaps the Sermon on the Mount?) on the Mount of Beatitudes


It is possible that this is the actual site of the Sermon on the Mount, but it is not terribly likely. There is no specific evidence for identification of the site before the 4th century, but it is reasonable to place the Sermon here since Jesus was based in Capernaum not far away.
 

The Franciscan Church of the Beatitudes (1938)  (Damon Lynch)


Jerome Murphy O'Connor attributes the selection of the site to pilgrims' own experiences in the area:
It was perhaps inevitable that this well-watered area with its shade trees on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, where Byzantine pilgrims ate their picnics, should have been identified as the location of two episodes involving the consumption of food, the multiplication of the loaves and fishes and the conferral on Peter of the responsibility of leadership after a fish breakfast. Then it became convenient to localize the Sermon of the Mount on the small hill nearby. (Oxford Archaeological Guides: The Holy Land, 277)
Regardless of whether this is the very spot, the Church of the Beatitudes stands in the right general area and in a very similar setting to where Jesus would have stood as he delivered his famous sermon. As Murphy-O'Connor puts it, from here "one can see virtually all the places in which Jesus lived and worked" (p.280).
 

From north side


Pilgrims are known to have commemorated the Sermon on the Mount near here since the 4th century. After describing the Church of the Loaves and Fishes, the Spanish pilgrim Egeria (c.381) wrote, "Near there on a mountain is the cave to which the Savior climbed and spoke the Beatitudes."

Ruins of a small church dated to the late 4th century have been discovered downhill from the present church. It has a rock-cut cistern beneath it and the remains of a little monastery to its south and southeast. Part of the mosaic floor was recovered and is now on display in Capernaum. The present church was built in 1938.
 

Entrance to the Church of the Beatitudes
 

Designed by the architect A. Barluzzi, the Catholic church on the Mount of Beatitudes is Byzantine in style. Its octagonal shape represents the eight beatitudes. It has a marble veneer casing the lower walls and gold mosaic in the dome.

The chief attraction here, though, is the setting. The cool and quiet gardens overlooking the Sea of Galilee and the landscape where Jesus conducted his ministry make an excellent place to contemplate some of the best-known Christian teachings.
 

Inside the Church of the Beatitudes


Di sebelah utara dari Tabgha, tidak jauh dari gereja Pergandaan Roti, menjulang sebuah bukit setinggi 150 meter di atas permukaan danau Tiberias yang disebut Bukit Sabda Bahagia. Pada waktu penggalian di lereng bukit ini ditemukan sebuah kapel indah dari abad IV yang panjangnya hampir 12 meter dan lebar hampir 4,5 meter dengan mosaik dari abad IV dan VI. Kapel itu dulu berdiri di atas sebuah goa yang menurut Eteria menjadi tempat Yesus menyampaikan kedelapan Sabda Bahagianya (Matius 5:3-10). Kini goa ini dinamakan Goa Sabda Bahagia.
 

Altar the Church of the Beatitudes


 Agak jauh dari goa tadi berdirilah sebuah gereja indah yang dikenal dengan nama gereja Kotbah di Bukit, lalu sebuah gedung yang siap menerima para tamu. Gereja itu didirikan pada tahun 1937 dan bersudut delapan. Keseluruhan bangunan ditutup dengan sejenis kubah. Bagian intern gereja, sangat sederhana, tiang-tiang serta lengkungan, kubah yang diisi dengan delapan jendela masing-masing berisi satu Sabda Bahagia dalam bahasa Latin. Gereja ini dirancang oleh arsitek A. Barluzzi dan kini diurus oleh biarawan Fransiskan (OFM). Seluruh kompleks terpelihara dengan sangat baik, sehingga mengundang para peziarah untuk berdoa dan bermeditasi.

Dari Bukit Sabda Bahagia dapat dinikmati pemandangan indah atas Galilee. Di sebelah kiri kelihatan Capernaum, lalu sungai Yordan yang bermuara di danau Tiberias. Di sebelah timur kelihatan Wadi Samak dengan reruntuhan di Kursi (dulu: Gerasa). Di sebelah kanan tampak kota Tiberias, lalu di kaki gunung adalah Tabgha dengan gereja Pergandaan Roti dan gereja Primat Petrus.

 


Names: Church of the Beatitudes; Church of the Sermon on the Mount; Mount of Beatitudes
Type of site: Church; biblical site; footsteps of Jesus
Faith: Christian (all denominations; run by Catholic Franciscans)
Dates: Ruins of late-4C church; modern 1938 church
Architecture: Neo-Byzantine
Location: Hilltop near Tabgha (Heptapegon), off Highway 90, about 10km north of Tiberias, north shore of Sea of Galilee, Israel
Hours: 8:30-12 & 2:30-5; closes at 4 in winter

 

 

GOD IS THE LORD WHO DOES MIRACLES

 

         

 

 

GO YE INTO ALL THE WORLD, AND PREACH THE GOSPEL TO EVERY CREATURE

 

Powered  by:  DENVINCENT.Com.Inc.