Terowongan di bawah Wailing Wall


When Rome destroyed the second temple in 70 C.E., only one outer wall remained standing. The Romans probably would have destroyed that wall as well, but it must have seemed too insignificant to them since it was not even part of the Temple itself, but just an outer wall surrounding the Temple Mount. For the Jews, however, this remnant of wall of what once was the most sacred building in the Jewish world quickly became the holiest spot in Jewish life.



Throughout the centuries Jews from throughout the world made the difficult pilgrimage to Palestine, and immediately headed for the Kotel ha-Ma'aravi (the Western Wall) to pray to God. The prayers offered at the Kotel were so heartfelt that Gentiles began calling the site the "Wailing Wall." The name has stuck ever since. Orthodox Jews pray three times a day at the wall for the Temple's restoration, and Jews for centuries have come to the wall to lament the loss of Jerusalem and the Temple.
Jews leave scraps of paper with prayers scribbled on it within the many crevices and cracks among the vast stones that make up the wall.

For nineteen years, from 1948 to 1967, the Kotel was under Jordanian rule. Israel recaptured the Old City of Jerusalem in 1967 and the Western Wall has become a common gathering place for Jews around the world, particularly on Jewish holidays and feast days, such as Tisha be-Av, which commemorates the destruction of Solomon and Zerrubabel's (Herod's) Temples. Today the Wall is a national symbol of Jewish life, and Jewish aspirations for a third Temple.

Jews were prohibited by the Roman authorities from entering the city of Jerusalem at all in the first century, and the customary place for mourning the Temple was the Mount of Olives, which overlooks the Temple Mount from the east.



Today, once again Jews are expressly forbidden to enter the Temple Mount by the Muslim Waqf authorities which were granted operational jurisdiction over the mount by the Israeli government.

Along the outer face of the Herodian western wall of the Temple Mount, a long narrow tunnel was dug slowly under the supervision of archeologists. The tunnel has been systematically reinforced with concrete supports. A stretch of the Western Wall nearly 1,000 feet (300 meters) long was revealed in pristine condition, exactly as constructed by King Herod. In this tunnel, you are actually walking on the original pavement from the Second Temple period and following in the footsteps of the pilgrims who walked here 2,000 years ago on their way to participate in the rituals on the Temple Mount. Perhaps Jesus himself walked along these very stones.

Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.

The “Times of the Gentiles,” a term Jesus applied to the Gentile domination of the Temple Mount, and the parallel running time of desolation that the Jewish temple has experienced since Roman day could have ended with Israel's 1967 conquest of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount site, but Israeli authorities fearing a world war with angry Muslims, and an outraged world, have consented to leave the Temple Mount in Muslim hands, and content themselves with prayers at the Western Wall.






The Bible clearly teaches that a new temple — which will be called The Third Temple — will be built in the future. The First Temple was the one that Solomon built and which was destroyed in 586 BC. The Second Temple (516 BC to 70 AD) was built after the Jews returned from Babylonian captivity. The platform on which it sat was greatly expanded and beautified by King Herod, as was the temple itself, but since the sacrifices were never stopped during this renovation and expansion, the new temple was still considered to be The Second Temple.



The Third Temple will exist during the Great Tribulation. Daniel refers to this temple when he says that "the prince who is to come" (the Antichrist) will enter it and stop the sacrifices in the middle of the Tribulation (Daniel 9:27). The Apostle Paul mentions it when he declares that the "man of lawlessness" will profane the temple by entering it and declaring himself to be God (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4). The Third Temple is also mentioned in the book of Revelation when John is told to measure it — a symbolic way of telling him to assess its spiritual condition (Revelation 11:1-2).

This raises the question as to precisely when the temple will be rebuilt. The Bible does not reveal the answer to this question. All it says for certain is that the temple will be in existence when the Antichrist reveals himself (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4), and that will be in the middle of the Tribulation (Daniel 9:27). Since this will be only three and a half years into the Tribulation, many have concluded that the temple will likely be rebuilt before the Tribulation begins, because how could such a magnificent building be constructed in such a short period of time?
But this conclusion overlooks the fact that the temple can be literally resurrected overnight! That's because the Jews plan to erect a tent temple like the Tabernacle of Moses, and they are ready to do so at any moment. Everything has been prepared. Once this temporary temple is put up, they will resume the sacrifices and then start building a more permanent structure around and above the temporary one.

Bila kita mengunjungi Hotel Holy Land, kita dapat menyaksikan sebuah karya istimewa yang mengagumkan berupa maket Yerusalem Lama. Maket ini dikerjakan oleh Prof. Avi Yonah dari Universitet Ibrani yang kehilangan anaknya dalam Perang Sinai pada tahun 1956 (antara Mesir dan Israel). Maket itu dibuatnya demi mengenang putranya dan menggugah hati setiap orang Yahudi agar mereka sadar betapa besar perjuangan anak-anak mereka yang telah gugur. Maket ini dibuat berdasarkan petunjuk-petunjuk para ahli arkeologi. Yerusalem yang dapat dilihat pada maket itu menggambarkan situasi kota suci itu pada awal abad I Masehi. Seluruh maket itu dibuat dari bahan yang dulu dipakai untuk membangun masing-masing bangunan yaitu marmer, kayu, dan perunggu. Maket ini dikerjakan selama 7 tahun dengan skala 1:50.

Third Temple model

Currently there are two major obstacles to the reconstruction of The Third Temple. One pertains to its location. The next temple can only be built where the two previous temples stood because the Holy of Holies must be on the exact same spot. But no one knows for sure where the previous temples were located on the Temple Mount. Most scholars believe that they stood where the Dome of the Rock currently stands. That conclusion may be wrong, but there is no way to prove the exact location without conducting archeological excavations on the Temple Mount, something which is currently prohibited by the Muslims. If The Third Temple is to be built where the Dome of the Rock now stands, then that Muslim structure must first of all be removed either by Man or God. It could, of course be burned to the ground by a saboteur, or it could be destroyed by an earthquake.
The second obstacle is the attitude of the Jewish people and their leaders. Currently, there is no desire among them to build a third temple. The average Israeli is very secular. He knows that any attempt to build a third temple would result in immediate war with the Muslims. Only a handful of ultra-Orthodox Jews have a passion for The Third Temple. They are the ones who have made all the preparations. But they have no popular support. Something will have to happen to create a surge of nationalistic pride that will demand a new temple. This catalytic event could be the discovery of the Ark of the Covenant.

Menorah sudah dipersiapkan begitu Third Temple terbangun

There is a distinct possibility that the ancient temples were not located where the Dome of the Rock currently sits. There is strong evidence that their location was to the north of the Dome and that the sacrificial altar inside the Dome was the one that Solomon built in "the middle of the court" to handle the thousands of special sacrifices which he offered to the Lord on the day The First Temple was dedicated (2 Chronicles 7:7). If that is so, then The Third Temple could be built north of the Dome of the Rock, putting the Dome in the Court of the Gentiles. This may well be the solution the Antichrist will come up with when he negotiates a peace between the Jews and the Arabs (Daniel 9:27).

Sketch Solomon Temple

To summarize, there is definitely going to be a third temple. It will most likely be erected at the beginning of the Tribulation in the form of a tent temple, like the Tabernacle of Moses. A more permanent structure will then be built around and above it. The Antichrist will desecrate this temple in the middle of the Tribulation.

The Third Temple will be destroyed at the Second Coming of Jesus. The great earthquake at that time will radically change the topography of Jerusalem and all the earth (Revelation 6:12-17). In Jerusalem it will result in the provision of a very large level area where the Millennial Temple will be constructed. This is the temple from which Jesus will reign over all the earth. It is described in detail in Ezekiel 40-46.







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